An analysis of the use of inhalants in the united states in medical research
In Massachusetts, retailers must ask minors for identification before selling them glue or cement that contains a solvent that can release toxic vapors. In one of the few animal studies to examine the impact of binge-pattern exposures on higher cognitive processes, Bowen and McDonald reported that mice exposed to high concentrations of toluene 3, and 6, parts per million for 30 minutes per day for 40 days similar to the amounts chronic abusers inhale demonstrated long-lasting motor deficits on a waiting-for-reward task. Age, sex, self-reported racial or ethnic identity, geographical area of family residence i. Edet Belzberg's documentary Children Underground chronicles the lives of Romanian street children addicted to inhaling paint. Studies of adolescents also have suggested some gender differences in the choice of inhalants used Wu et al. The existing literature suggests that TBI inhibits healthy neurodevelopment in regions of the brain that govern judgment, impulsivity and addiction. The study revealed the following classes of inhalant use: 1 severe polyinhalant use; 2 moderate polyinhalant use; 3 gas and permanent marker use; and 4 low-use. However, the extant literature has not investigated how use of various inhalants may co-occur among incarcerated youth.
Inhalant abuse: An exploratory study. Inhalant abuse in pregnancy. Future studies should also explore the impact of different therapeutic interventions on the outcome.
Both MET and family therapies have been found to be effective therapies for substance users. We report odds ratios ORs as the index of the strength of the associations noted.
Even a single occupational exposure leading to inhalant intoxication can produce long-term memory problems and processing speed impairments Stollery,an ominous finding given that inhalant abuse is characterized by exposures to neurotoxins at much higher levels than those typically incurred in occupational exposures Bowen, Wiley, and Balster, First, the one-class model was examined, and classes were increased until seven models had been evaluated.
As displayed in Table 1lifetime inhalant users were very unlikely to be adults aged 50 or older, but were more likely than nonusers to be male, white, American Indian or Alaska Native, or of multiethnic origin. We used logistic regression to identify the characteristics associated both with inhalant use and inhalant use disorder.
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