Compare public management reform in the
Benefits of new public management pdf
GD 3 Discussion and Conclusions This paper analyzes the current management models of public organizations, such as the Italian Region of Tuscany, with a qualitative approach. There are some indicators established by law, for example those on the mapping of legislative and administrative activities, but they are not regularly used. In our case, the layering process is generated both by: i. This theory allows leaders the freedom to manage freely and open up discretion. Questions have been raised about the potential politicization of the public service, when executives are hired on contract under pay-for-performance systems. Although Italy has quite a long OPA tradition, this case study of the Tuscany Region shows elements of a transition to innovative public management logics. Our findings have to be cautiously interpreted due to research limitations.
Private-sector management[ edit ] This aspect focuses on the necessity to establish short-term labor contracts, develop corporate plans or business plansperformance agreements and mission statements.
Currently there are few indications that public management issues will vanish from governmental policy agendas. Hypothesis two: a layering process of culture and reforms Considering the second hypothesis, new reforms are added to old reforms in a layering process, making the reform landscape more hybrid and complex.
GD 2 Most of the expectations of the managers moved to the PG are related to the decision-making contents 5 out of 14 and the orientation of the planning and control systems 4 out of New Public Management was created in the Public Sector to create change based on: disaggregation, competition, and incentives.
There are some indicators established by law, for example those on the mapping of legislative and administrative activities, but they are not regularly used.
In our case, the layering process is generated both by: i.
Figure 1 summarizes the main results by describing the emerging logics for each actor and the documents: Fig. Finally, further research is needed to carefully investigate this subject by taking into account other variables, such as the individual characteristics of managers, organizational features, and time periods, to better understand management dynamics.
In countries that are less industrialized the NPM concept is still growing and spreading. Contracting out of this magnitude can be used to do things such as waste management, cleaning, laundry, catering and road maintenance.
Globalization[ edit ] Although the origins of NPM came from Westernized countries it expanded to a variety of other countries in the s. The need to better coordinate a fragmented structure is a typical PG feature, but the process of orienting a regional administration towards the outside world, i.
New public management and governance a comparison
NPM logics seem to have a problem establishing themselves, especially in the planning, reporting and evaluation mechanisms and operations; for example, delays are reported in planning documents, with a negative impact on management activities. Aspects[ edit ] NPM was accepted as the "gold standard for administrative reform"  in the s. NPM promotes a shift from bureaucratic administration to business-like professional management. Criticisms[ edit ] There are blurred lines between policymaking and providing services in the New Public Management system. The Regional PA is still centered on policy implementation rather than outputs or outcomes. Private-sector management[ edit ] This aspect focuses on the necessity to establish short-term labor contracts, develop corporate plans or business plans , performance agreements and mission statements. This theory allows leaders the freedom to manage freely and open up discretion. Contracting out of this magnitude can be used to do things such as waste management, cleaning, laundry, catering and road maintenance. Using incentives to produce the maximum services from an organization is largely stalled in many countries and being reversed because of increased complexity. New Public Service NPS focuses on democratic governance and re-imagining the accountability of public administrators toward citizens. It also focuses on establishing a workplace in which public employees or contractors are aware of the goals and intention that agencies are trying to reach. However the s have seen countries in Africa, Asia and other countries looking into using this method. Experience Almost half of OPA-related concepts 12 out of 29 apply to the leading logic which still appears to be bureaucratic in 12 out of the 16 concepts found.
The different points of view analyzed in our case study highlight two main results. NPM was cited as the solution for management ills in various organizational context and policy making in education and health care reform.
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