Regional imbalance

types of regional imbalance

Thus this political instability prevailing in same backward regions of the country are standing as a hurdle in the path of economic development of these regions. Regional Imbalances: Cause 8. Failure of Planning Mechanism: Although balanced growth has been accepted as one of the major objectives of economic planning in India, since the Second Plan onwards but it did not make much headway in achieving this object.

The Government has concentrated this new strategy to the heavily irrigated areas with the idea to use the scarce resources in the most productive manner and to maximise the production of foodgrains so as to solve the problem of food crisis.

Regional Imbalances: Cause 5. The exploitative nature of British colonial rule either created or accentuated regional disparities. Political instability in the form of unstable government, extremist violence, law and order problem etc.

Regional imbalance ias

Locational Advantages 4. The other three states like Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh have also received larger allocation of plan outlays in almost all the five year plans. Regional Imbalances: Cause 5. Thus in this way new agricultural strategy has aggravated regional imbalances due to its lack of all-embracing approach. Google Scholar In the absence of proper land reform measures and proper industrial policy, the country could not attain economic growth to a satisfactory level. Regions may be either States or regions within a State. Google Scholar Copyright information. Thus this political instability prevailing in same backward regions of the country are standing as a hurdle in the path of economic development of these regions. Myrdal, Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, pp. Due to adequacy of such economic overheads, some regions are getting a special favour in respect of settlement of some developmental projects whereas due to inadequacy of such economic overheads, some regions of the country, viz. Geographical Factors 3. They concentrated all their industries in and around these cities neglecting the rest of the country to remain backward.

Google Scholar 9. The spatial and regional dimension is there, but mainly in terms of its international application and the theory of imperialism. Chapter 3.

regional disparities in india slideshare

The concept of wage restraint through high availability of labour during periods of exceptional expansion therefore clearly antedates both Phillips and Kindleberger.

Regional Imbalances: Cause 7. Inadequacy of Economic Overheads 5.

Regional imbalance

Google Scholar 5. Since all parts of the country are not equally well endowed with physical and human resources to take advantage of growth opportunities, and since historical inequalities have not been eliminated, planned intervention is required to ensure that large regional imbalances do not occur. Google Scholar Copyright information. The planning in independent India has also not been able to remove these disparities. Chapter 3. Chapter Abstract Bibliographies of recent studies on the regional problem are not notable for their reference to Marx. This commitment was reflected in the Constitution and in planning objectives. Regional Imbalances: Cause 2. Thus regional imbalances arise due to such locational advantages attached to some regions and the locational disadvantages attached to some other backward regions. In Grundrisse Marx gives an extensive analysis of the mechanism of improved transport communications in relation to the need to reduce time and costs in the distribution of commodities—mainly in international trade. Regional Imbalances: Cause 5. The concept of wage restraint through high availability of labour during periods of exceptional expansion therefore clearly antedates both Phillips and Kindleberger. There may be a variety of reasons for this. Google Scholar 4. The uneven pattern of investment in industry as well as in economic overheads like transport and communication facilities, irrigation and power made by the British had resulted uneven growth of some areas, keeping the other areas totally neglected.

Two major institutions, which were expected to work towards reducing the regional imbalances after independence, were the Finance Commission and the NITI Aayog Planning Commission.

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Regional imbalances