Truman was afraid that an invasion of Japan would look like "Okinawa from one end of Japan to the other.
The military situation in the Pacific When Truman became president, a long and bitter military campaign in the Pacific, marked by fanatical Japanese resistance and strongly held racial and cultural hostilities on both sides, was nearing its conclusion.
Second, what if the bomb turned out to be a dud?
Reasons against dropping the atomic bomb
Although some thought it necessary to keep Hirohito on the throne in order to prevent mass popular resistance against the American occupation, others wanted him arrested and tried as a necessary first step in the eradication of Japanese militarism. However, experience showed that the Japanese did not easily surrender. Roosevelt , the expectations of the American public, an assessment of the possibilities of achieving a quick victory by other means, and the complex American relationship with the Soviet Union. Hiroshima didn't exist — that was mainly what I saw — Hiroshima just didn't exist. In Japan no military official counseled surrender, and civilian leaders who knew that the war was lost dared not speak their thoughts openly. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80, Japanese people perished. Truman, apparently uncertain that the bomb alone could compel surrender, was elated. Truman was afraid that an invasion of Japan would look like "Okinawa from one end of Japan to the other.
This was a new weapon, not clearly understood. They were likely to fight even more fiercely if the United States invaded their homeland.
Option 1: Conventional Bombing of the Japanese Home Islands While the United States began conventional bombing of Japan as early asthe mission did not begin in earnest until mid On May 8,Germany surrendered unconditionally to great rejoicing in the Allied countries.
Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military.
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